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  • 게시물ID : history_30043
    작성자 : adlkfjp263 (가입일자:2017-01-24 방문횟수:17)
    추천 : 2
    조회수 : 363
    IP : 121.100.***.81
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    등록시간 : 2020/09/25 15:45:10
    http://todayhumor.com/?history_30043 모바일
    책 출판하려다 맙니다.
    <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;">안녕하세요. 익명의 작가 입니다. </p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;">제가 글을 쓰다가 출판하려고 했는데 욕이나 들었습니다.</p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;">그래서 책 쓰는 것을 포기하려고 하는데, 사실이 너무 아깝다고 생각해서 인터넷에 올렸습니다. </p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;">다름이 아니라 한국의 기독교인을 싫어해서 한국에 기독교가 발달해서 프리메이슨이 전쟁을 일으켰다는 내용입니다.</p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;">뚱딴지 같은 소리가 아니라 심도깊은 수사를 통해서 글을 썻고요.</p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;">실제로 프리메이슨이 들어가는 곳마다 기독교 문명이 파괴됩니다. </p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;">6.25전쟁과 연관 되어있고요. </p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;">작가는 국방부에서 근무한 경험도 있습니다. 나름대로 역사관을 갖고 있고요. </p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;">쓸데없는 이야기 싫어합니다. </p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;">6.25전쟁에 참여한 분도 계십니다 욕되지 않게했으면 좋겠고요.</p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;">사실이라고 판단되면 글이나 퍼트려 주십시요. 물론 복잡한 문제로 엮이지 않았으면 좋겠다는 말도 해주시고요.</p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;">글 읽고 댓글이나 달아주십시요. 책 출판제의는 거절합니다.</p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;color:#ff0000;">- </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#ff0000;">인사말 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;color:#ff0000;">-</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">일설에 의하면 우리나라 사람은 성경에 욕단</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">창세기 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">10:25)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 그 근원</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">根源</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이라고 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">즉 천부</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">天賦</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">적인 신성</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">神聖</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">함을 가지고 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그리고 누군가의 시샘을 불러일으키기에 충분했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프리메이슨</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(freemason)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">과 일루미나티</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(illuminai)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 생소한 분들도 계시겠지만</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프리메이슨과 일루미나티라는 조직은 이 세상에 존재합니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">어느 조직에서나 가장 핵심적인 명령은 가장 위에서 전달됩니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">군대에서는 장군과 참모들이 있으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">기업에는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">CEO</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">와 이사회가 있고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">병원에는 원장과 의사들이 있습니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">공공연히 신세계질서를 말하고 있는 프리메이슨과 일루미나티들</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">혹자는 이렇게 질문할 수 있습니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그런데 그게 나랑 무슨 상관이야</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">?</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그러나 필자가 보기에는 한국사람 하고도 관련이 있습니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">범죄수사 기법 중 하나는 어떤 종류의 범죄인지에 따라서 수사기법이 달라지게 되며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그것은 마치 퍼즐을 맞추는 것과 같습니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">퍼즐을 전부 맞추어 놓고 봤을 때 그 그림은 비로소 완성이됩니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프리메이슨의 범죄장소는 전 지구적 범위이며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">시간도 몇백년동안 꾸준히 이어지고 있습니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">필자는 과거 프리메이슨과 일루미나티들이 무슨 짓을 했는지에 대해 서술하며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'돋움';">많은 서적을 참고해 글을 썼습니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'돋움';">본인은 이 책에 내용이 사실이라고 생각하며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'돋움';">역사적 사실 자체는 상상의 실타래를 풀어서 쓴 것이 아닙니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;text-indent:10.5pt;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 이 글을 읽고 하나님이 주시는 지혜와 성령님이 주시는 감동이 있다면</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">에스겔이 본 환상대로 마른뼈가 다시 살아나며 마른풀에 단비가 내리듯 하나님의 역사가 있을 것이며 그 다음 무엇을 해야할지도 자연스럽게 알게될거라고 생각합니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;text-indent:21pt;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#ff0000;">들어가는 말</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프리메이슨</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(freemason)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">은 정말로 존재하는 집단일까</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">? </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">필자가 느끼기에는 정말로 존재한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프리메이슨</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(freemason)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이라는 단체 자체가 유럽에서 일어났으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">때때로 이상한 교황이 일어나 세속군주인 황제에게 영향력을 끼칠려고 노력했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 유럽 전체의 상황을 면밀히 관찰하며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">자신의 정책을 시행하려는 로마교황청이 돌아가는 상황을 모를리가 없었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">나폴레옹이 유럽에 있었던 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">18</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세기에도 교황의 대관식</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">戴冠式</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">을 통해 황제가 될 수 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프리메이슨이라는 단체는 반</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">反</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">기독교 단체이며 따라서 로마교황청은 프리메이슨에게 우호적이지 못한 태도를 지속적으로 취해왔다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">역대 클레멘트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">12</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">베네딕트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">14</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">비오</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">레오</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">12</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">레오</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">13</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">비오</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세 등의 교황은 프리메이슨에 반대하는 입장을 취했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">구체적으로 언급을 하기도 했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">비오</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(pio </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">IX</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1792 - 1878) : </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">당신이 현재 세계라고 일컫는 것은 그저 프리메이슨단의 주장에 불과하다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">레오</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">13</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Leo pp. </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">XIII</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.1810 - 1903) : </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">존경하는 형제들이여</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">우리 혈관을 타고 기어오르고 있는 사악한 역병을 뿌리뽑는데 여러분의 힘을 합쳐주시기를 기원합니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프리메이슨의 가면을 벗기고 실체를 드러내는 것이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 이런 조직의 유혹에 넘어가 사악한 주장을 펴는 이들을 설교와 교서로서 교화하는 것이 여러분의 첫번째 임무임을 깨닫기 바랍니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">바울 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(pope John paul </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">II</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.1920 - 2005) : </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">나의 자녀들이여</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">나는 사탄의 비밀 결사에 가입하지 말라고 다시금 여러분에게 경고한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그것은 진짜로 사탄의 회당이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그 비밀 결사는 형제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사랑</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">박애</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">인류 동포주의 등의 상표를 몸에 붙이고 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그들은 달콤한 말로 여러분의 신앙을 뒤집으려 하고 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">필자가 볼 때 로마교황청</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">바티칸</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">은 이미 손 쓸수 없는 시점에 와있으며 프리메이슨에 가입하지 말라고 당부한 교황 요한 바오로</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Johannes Paulus </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">I</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">,1920.10 - 1978.9)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 당시 내부적인 개혁을 꾀했으나</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">재위 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">33</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일만에 사망하고 만다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">로마교황이 재임기간 중 죽는 경우는 빈번하게 일어나는 일이며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">교황이 재임기간 중 죽는 경우는 그닥 놀라운 일이 아닐지 모른다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">교황이었던 요한 바오로</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세는 교회개혁을 통해 프리메이슨세력을 약화시킬 생각을 하고있었으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 때문에 암살당했다는 추측이 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 프리메이슨이 들어가는 곳곳마다 교회와 기독교 문명이 파괴됬다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 책은 구체적인 실제역사를 통해서 그것을 입증하며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">마지막으로 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6.25</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전쟁이 일어난 이유는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 평양대부흥에 원인이 있다고 생각할 수 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">책을 마지막 까지 읽은 뒤에는 격한 감정을 불러일으킬 수 있으므로 임산부와 노약자 그리고 심신이 미약한 자들은 이 책을 읽지 말것은 권합니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 책에 나오는 역사적 사실이나 인물들의 어록은 많은 책을 참고해 최대한 사실에</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가깝게 쓴 것입니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1789</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년에 일어난 프랑스 혁명 발발 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">5</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년전</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1784</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 전직 로마카톨릭 소속 예수회 사제이자 프리메이슨 내에 일루미나티를 창설한 인물인 아담바이스하우프트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Adam weishaupt. 1748 - 1830)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 프랑크푸르트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(frankfurt)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서 파리로 사신</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">私信</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">을 보내게 된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 편지는 로베스피에르</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(maximillien robespierre,1758 - 1794)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에게 배달 예정이었는데</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">거기에는 프랑스를 혁명으로 이끄는 상세한 계획이 담겨져있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그런데 이 사신</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">私信</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">을 갖고 파리로 가던 사람이 도중에 날벼락을 맞고 사망하는 사건이 발생하자 당지</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">當地</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">경찰이 수습을 하던중</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">몸에서 편지를 발견</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">조사에 착수하자 곧 이것이 사실로 드러나게 된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">내부에서 고발됬다는 설도 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">). </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이에 경악한 바바리안</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(bavarian)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">당국은 아담 바이스하우프트를 국외로 추방하고 프리메이슨과 일루미나티를 불법단체로 규정하였으며 또한 해당 지역내에 있는 모든 프리메이슨의 집회장소를 문닫게 했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">더 나아가 바바리안</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(bavarian)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">당국은 유럽의 각 정부에게 경고문을 보내며 이러한 자들의 음모를 조심하라고 경고하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="color:#ff0000;"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#ff0000;">일어나는 혁명의 물결</span><span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">모든 것이 협력하여 선을 이루느니라 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">로마서 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">8:28</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">절</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">모든 것은 하나님의 통제아래 있으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">악한 사람이 나타나는 경우도 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">악한 사람이 나타나는 것은</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">어디까지나 개인의 선택으로 말미암은 결과이며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">하나님은 사람의 의지를 초월하시지 않으시며 사람이 감당치 못할 시험도 허락하시지 아니하신다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 장에서는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1789</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 프랑스 혁명과 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 프랑스혁명으로 나누어 기술하며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">중간에 나폴레옹에 관한 서술도 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 시기에 일어난 혁명들은 프랑스에서 부터 시작되 유럽 각국으로 퍼지는 특성을 지녔으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">먹고살기 힘든 시민들과 민주화를 요구하는 시민들이 혁명을 일으키는데 동참하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1789</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 프랑스 혁명</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1789</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 프랑스 혁명을 주도한 세력은 제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세력으로 알려진 시민 계급이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이들은 전에 없던 국민의회를 선포했으며 국왕의 권력을 제한시켰다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이에 위협을 느낀 루이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">16</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Louis </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">XVI</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.1754.8 - 1793.1)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 베르사유 궁전에서 파리 중심의 튈르리 궁전으로 거처를 옮겼다가</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1791</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 파리에서 프랑스 동부에 근위부대로 도망치려는 시도를 하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그리고 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1793</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">21</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 단두대에 이슬로 사라졌다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 국민의회에는 여러세력들이 주를 이뤘는데</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">지롱드당</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">자코뱅클럽</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">산악당이 있었으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">산악당에 대표적 인물로는 로베스피에르가 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">상퀼로트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(sans - culottes, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">하층계급의 혁명가단체</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 지롱드당 계열에 정치 지도자들을 제거하면서 산악당이 지배하는 공안위원회가 프랑스를 이끌어 나가기 시작했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;color:#315f97;"> </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그 후에는 공포정치에 토대가되는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">‘</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">용의자처리법</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">’</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 통과되면서 많은 사람들이 죽게되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">당시에는 기근때문에 사재기</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">하는 사람들이 있었고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이런 사람들은 반혁명 분자로 몰려 혁명재판소에서 재판을 받아야했으며 외국군대와 내통한 혐의를 받고 있는 사람들도 단두대에 올라가게 되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1789</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년에 프랑스 혁명을 보게되면</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">,</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">혁명을 일으킨 배후세력</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">背後勢力</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 얼마큼 교회와 하나님을 싫어하는지 알 수가있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">우선 기독교력을 혁명력으로 대체하였고 달력에서 일요일을 없애버려 적지않은 농민을 당황케했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">교회의 상징물인 십자가를 부셨으며 설교제단에 올라가 자축행사를 벌였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">리옹</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Lyon)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서는 수백명의 신부와 수녀들이 처형됬고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">파리와 오를레앙 그리고 다른 지역에서도 학살이 이어졌다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">공동묘지 입구에는 십자가 문양의 사용을 금지하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">방데</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(vend</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">é</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">e)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">지역 주민들은 이 혁명에 대해 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">‘</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">악마같은 혁명</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">’</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이라고 정의해주었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 후 로베스피에르와 그의 추종자들은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1794</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">27</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 국민의회 다수파에 의해 단두대로 올라갔으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">혁명세력은 힘을 잃다가 총재정부</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Directoire)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 의해 대체되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 총재정부는</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1795</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월부터 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1799</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월까지 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">4</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년간 유지된 후 보나파르트 나폴레옹</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Napoleon Bonaparte. 1769 - 1821)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 쿠데타로 인해 전복</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">顚覆</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">되게 되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">나폴레옹은 코르시카 섬 태생으로 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1799</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 쿠데타로</span><span lang="en-us" style="color:#0000ff;"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">화려하게 등장하기 전</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">몇 왕당파가 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1795</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 반란을 일으키자 이를 진압하기 위해 국민방위대에 사령관으로 부임했던 것처럼 누군가를 위해 이미 일하고 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 24</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">살이라는 젊은 나이에 대위에서 준장으로 진급한 나폴레옹은 자신의 초상화에서 프리메이슨 특유에 손동작으로 밝히고 있는 것과 마찬가지로 프리메이슨</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(freemason)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 나폴레옹은 귀신들린 자였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">생클로드</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(saint claude)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">궁에서 어느 여배우와 혼외정사 직전</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">간질 발작이 일어나 바닥에 누워서 허우적 거렸다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 때 실오라기 걸치지 않은 여배우가 소리를 지름으로서 나폴레옹의 부인 조세핀이 그 광경을 목격하게 되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1804</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 나폴레옹은 황제대관식 자리에서 교황 레오</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세에 손에 있는 황관을 빼앗아 자기자신이 직접 썻으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이것역시 강한 반</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">反</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">교회적 사상을 암시한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">), </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">나폴레옹의 군대가 가는 곳마다 혁명사상을 퍼트리고 다녔다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">마치 이렇게 말이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">봐라 이것이 혁명이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">혁명에는 자유</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">평등</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">박애가 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이처럼 달콤한게 혁명이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년에 일어난 혁명들</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">시간이 지나</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 이 시기에 일어난 봉기</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">蜂起</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">19</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 프랑스 혁명을 필두로</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">15</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 헝가리에 부다페스트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(budapest)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">17</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 오스트리아 빈</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(vienna)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">과 이탈리아 밀란</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(milano) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그리고 베네치아</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(venice)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서도 폭동이 일어났다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">18</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에는 베를린에 프리드리히 빌헬름</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">4</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Friedrich Wilhelm </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">IV</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;color:#0000ff;">, </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1795.8 - 1861.1)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의</span><span lang="en-us" style="color:#0000ff;"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">왕궁 앞에 시민들이 모여 평화로이 시위하는 중 알 수 없는 누군가가 권총을 발포함으로 인해 군대가 이를 오인</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">誤認</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">하고 사격하는 유혈사태가 발생했으며 바리케이드 전투로 발전했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">22</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에는 보헤미야의 주도</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">主都</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프라하에서는 소요사태가 일어났다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">들불처럼 번지는 이러한 혁명에 대해서 니콜라이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Nikolai </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">I</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1796.7 - 1855.3)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 고민하였으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그의 부하 파스케비치</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Ivan Fyodorovich Paskevich. 1782 - 1856)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 보내는 서신에서 눈에 띄는 문구가 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:SimSun;letter-spacing:0pt;">…</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만약 국왕이 이들 무리에게 고개를 숙인다면 독일은 끝장이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">우리는 하나님께 기도하며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">하나님이 역사하셔서 이 혼란한 상황을 막아 줄것을 구해야한다</span><span style="font-family:SimSun;letter-spacing:0pt;">…</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:SimSun;letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프랑스의 경우</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">혁명 이후 시민들이 들떠있을 무렵</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">24</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 공회당</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">公會當</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서 부르주아계급의 사람들이 날치기로 임시정부를 세웠다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">모두 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명으로 구성되었는데 왕조정치</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">반대파 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">자산계급공화파 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">5 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">소자본가민주파 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">노동자계급 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명으로 구성되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">혁명이 성공함으로 인해서 당시 존재하던 당파</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">공화당</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">정통왕정파</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사회주의당</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 인사가 골고루 등용되어야 했지만</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">임시정부의 중요한 직책은 모두 자산계급 인사들로 구성되었으며 자산계급 중에서도 삼색공화주의자</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">三色共和主义者</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">로 구성되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">독일의 경우 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">5</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">18</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 프랑크푸르트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(frankfurt)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서 국민의회가 열렸으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">교수</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">,</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">변호사</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">,</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">공무원</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">,</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">판사</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">,</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">검사같은 전문 직업계층 출신과 귀족</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">농장주 등 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">330</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명이 참가하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이탈리아의 롬바르디아와 베네치아는 당시 오스트리아의 지배를 받고 있었는데</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1849</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">20</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 롬바르디아에서는 카보우르</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Cavour.1810 - 1861)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">을 중심으로 군사위원회가 발족되 오스트리아 정부군과 싸웠고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">베네치아에서는 마닌</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Daniele Manin. 1804 - 1857)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 국민자위군을 발족시켜 오스트리아 정부군과 싸웠다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">헝가리에서는 독립운동의 영웅 루이 코수스</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Louis Kossuth, 1802 - 1894)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 헝가리의 자주독립을 주장하였고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 후에는 그의 연설에 용기를 얻은 헝가리 학생들이 빈을 비롯하여 부다페스트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(budapest) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">등 주요 도시에서 메테르니히</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Metternich, 1773 - 1859)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 사임과 헝가리의 독립을 요구하면서 대규모 반란을 일으켰다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년에 발생한 일련의 혁명은</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">민족간의 감정과 경제위기에 원인이 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">당시 유럽에서는 민주세력의 정치참여가 배제되었으며 서신을 검열하는 제도가 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">혁명을 일으킨 무리들은 오스트리아</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Austria)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서 출판의 자유</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">정치적 자유</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">신앙의 자유</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">법원의 배심석제도와 책임내각제를 요구했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">베를린</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Berlin)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서는 시민의 무장허용과 서신</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">書信</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">을 일일이 검사하는 제도폐지</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그리고 연방회의에 소집을 요구했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">스페인에서는 책임내각제가 요구됬으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이탈리아</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Italy)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 각 연방은 혁명세력에게 각각 차례로 전복되며 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1870</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 통일의 길로 나아갔다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프랑스에 임시정부는 모든 성인 남성에게 투표권을 부여했으며 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 새헌법을 만들었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이와같이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 일련의 혁명이 일어나기전</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1830</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년경에 이미 유사한 혁명이 일어났으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">군주와 그의 신하들은 이러한 상황에 유연하게 대처하며 사태를 수습하기 시작했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 경에는 오스트리아의 왕 페르디난트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세가</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Ferdinan </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">I</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1793.4 - 1875.6) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사상자를 내면서 빈</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(vienna)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">을 재함락했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 초에는 프로이센 왕 프리드리히 빌헬름</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">4</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세의 병사들이 베를린에 무혈입성했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">오스트리아군은 더 나아가 이탈리아</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">체코</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">헝가리의 혁명세력을 무력으로 제압했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프랑스에서는 루이 나폴레옹 보나파르트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Louis Napol</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">é</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">on Bonaparte, 1808.4 - 1873.1)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 대통령으로 당선된 후</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">집권에 방해되는 세력을 진압 및 체포했으며 의회를 해산하고 제정</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">帝政</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">으로 돌아갔다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">즉 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년에 일어난 대다수의 혁명들은 실패로 돌아갔다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">주의할만한 점은 파리코뮌</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(commune de paris)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이라 하여 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1871</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">18</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 파리에서 폭동이 일어나 코뮌위원회가 조직되었는데</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이들은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">5</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">21 - 28</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 정부군이 지휘하는 베르사유 군대에 의해 진압된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그런데 이를 추종하는 세력이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">18</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일을 프롤레타리아 기념일로 정하고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">매년마다 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년의 혁명과 파리 코뮌의 몰락을 제 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차 세계대전때까지 기념했다고 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이것은 혁명을 추구하는 세력이 있다는 것을 입증</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">立證</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">당시 이러한 급격</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">急激</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">하고 이성</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">理性</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 마비되는 사회변화에 모두가 직면했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">누구나가 혁명에 동참하느냐 하지 않느냐를 선택해야 될 처지에 놓이게 되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">광기</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">狂氣</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 일기 시작한 것이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#ff0000;">아시아와 중남미</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">프리메이슨</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(freemason) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사상가</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">思想家</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">카를 마르크스</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Karl Heinrich Marx,</span><span lang="en-us" style="color:#0000ff;"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1818.5 - 1883.3)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">자본주의 사회의 진정한 임무는 세계시장을 만드는 것과 이것을 바탕으로 생산하는 것이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">지구는 둥글기 때문에 캘리포니아</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(California)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">와 오스트레일리아</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Australia)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 식민지화를 가속화 시키며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">중국과 일본의 문호개방으로 이 임무는 완성되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라고 말했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">30</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세에 공산당선언</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Communist Manifesto)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">을 한 칼 마르크스는 그의 초상화에서 프리메이슨 특유의 손동작으로 자기스스로 증명하듯 프리메이슨</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(freemason)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그의 공산당 선언에는 공산주의 사회가 어떤 기능을 하는 지에 대해서 언급한 바가 거의 없다고 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">마르크스는 또한 자본론</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(The Capital)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">을 썻으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그안에 공식적으로 자본주의</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(capitalism)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라는 말이 등장한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 후 자본주의 자본주의하다가 자본주의가 자주 쓰이게 되었다고 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">마르크스는 이데올로기</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Ideologie)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 틀을 제공하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">즉 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">20</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세기 중반부터 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">21</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세기 초까지 세계를 움직였던 사상</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">思想</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">은 프리메이슨</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(freemason)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 머리속에서 나왔다는 것을 알 수가 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의외로 쉽게 정리된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">파시즘</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(fascism)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">도 프리메이슨의 머리속에서 나왔다고 딱잘라 말하기는 어렵다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">당시 파시스트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(fascist)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">정부는 공식적으로 프리메이슨을 탄압하는 정책을 썻기 때문이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">하지만 히틀러가 권력의 등좌에 오르기 전까지 프리메이슨의 도움을 받았다는 정황이 곳곳에서 드러난다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">아시아와 중남미 지역을 자신들의 계획에 포함시키는 방안</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">方案</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 존재했던 것이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1854</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 페리제독</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Matthew Calbraith Perry, 1794 - 1858)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 의해 일본의 문호는 개방된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이어 제 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차세계대전 때는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">국협상 측에 가담해 전쟁에 참여하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일본은 영국과 동맹관계에 있었기 때문에 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">8</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">15</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 독일에게 다음달인 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">15</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일까지 청나라와 일본의 바다에서 독일군이 완전히 철수할 것과 청나라 내 독일 조계지를 일본에 넘길 것을 요구했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이에대해 독일은 일본이 청나라에서 할양받은 타이완을 반환한다면 독일도 칭다오</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">靑島</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">를 반환할 용의가 있다고 대답하자 일본은 이에 응하지 않았고 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1914</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">8</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">23</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에는 독일에</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 8</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">25</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에는 오스트리아에 전쟁을 선포하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">한권으로 배우는 신학교에 공동저자 케빈 크래그</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">폴 스픽커의 글</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라틴아메리카의 교회와 혁명을 보면 신기하게도 지금으로부터 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">100</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년도전에 프리메이슨</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(freemason)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 마수</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">魔手</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 벌써 중남미 지역까지 뻗쳐 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1854</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 멕시코에서는 자유주의 세력에 의해 아유틀라 혁명이 일어났으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">당시 멕시코에서 자유파든 보수파든 모든 엘리트 계층은 프리메이슨 회원이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">자유파는 프리메이슨의 지부 중 주로 요크 라이트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(York Rite)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 회원이었고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">보수파는 주로 스코티시 라이트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Scottish Rite)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 회원이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1856 - 1857</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 자유주의 대개혁</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(La Refomna)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 입법화 되면서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가톨릭교회의 토지재산을 매각하는 법안이 생겼다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이는 보수파와 교회의 반발을 일으켜 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1861</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년까지 내전이 발발하는 사태를 초래하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의심쩍은 부분은 거기서 끝나지 않는다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1910 - 1920</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 멕시코 혁명이라 불릴만큼의 내전이 있었으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1920</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년대경 완전히 새로운 정치 엘리트가 권력의 핵심부에 등장했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1917</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 당시에 쿠에레타로 헌법에는 교회건물 바깥에서 예배를 금지시켰고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">교육기관에서 예배를 드리지 못하게 하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 카톨릭에 영향을 제한시키기 위해 민간행정당국에서는 사제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">司祭</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 신분을 가지고 있는 사람은 와서 등록하라고 지시하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">결국 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1927</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 새로운 헌법에 반발한 카톨릭교도들이 멕시코 중부에서 무장폭동을 일으켰다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">과테말라</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Guatemala)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서는 후스토루피노 바리오스</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Justo Rufino Barrios, 1835 - 1885)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 이끄는 자유파 정권이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1871</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년을 기점으로 로마카톨릭이 국교임을 부인하고 교회재산의 대부분을 몰수했으며 성직자들을 내쫓았다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사람들에게 마치 빛을 주는 듯한 착각을 주는 일루미나티와 프리메이슨은 현재 전 세계적으로 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">5,700,000</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명이있다고 하며 그중 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">4,000,000</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명 정도가 미국에 있다고 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="color:#ff0000;"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#ff0000;">제 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;color:#ff0000;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#ff0000;">차세계대전</span><span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6.25</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전쟁을 연구하다가 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차 세계대전까지 연구하게 되었는데</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">필자가 생각하기에 제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차세계대전의 일어난 원인은 크게 두 가지가 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">첫째는 군사적인 충돌의 가시화이며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">두 번째 로는 외교적 간계</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">奸計</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">와 실수이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1913</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 빌헬름</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세의 딸 빅토리아 루이스</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Viktoria Luise Von Preu</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">ßen</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1892.9 - 1980)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 결혼식에 참석하기 위해 유럽에 모든 국왕은 베를린에서 모임을 갖는다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차세계대전 전에 각 유럽국가는 혼인관계를 통해서 화합을 도모했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">서로를 죽이지 못해 안달난 앙숙</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">怏宿</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">관계가 아니었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">몸속에 영국인의 피가 흐르는 빌헬름</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Wilhem </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">II</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1859.1 - 1941.6)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 할머니가 빅토리아</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Queen Victoria, 1819.5 - 1901.1) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">여왕이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그는 후에 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">나는 전쟁을 일으키고 싶지 않았다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">Wird er später sagen</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라고 말했고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전쟁이 일어나기를 반대하는 사람들도 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">영국에서는 많은 노동자계급과 자유당</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Liberal Party)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">인사가 전쟁을 반대하였고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사람들은 트라팔가 광장</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Trafalgar square)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 모여 영국의 중립을 요구했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">독일에 빌헬름</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세는 러시아의 니콜라이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세와 먼 친척이었기 때문에 전보를 통해서 전쟁을 막을 수 있는 방법에 대해 논의했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1914</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">31</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 저녁 발생된 러시아의 총동원령을 영국이 설득해 지연시켜준다면 독일은 오스트리아의 군사행동을 억제할 것이라는 내용의 급전을 영국에 보내기도 하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프랑스의 사회주의자 장 조레스</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(jean jaures, 1859.9 - 1914.7)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 전쟁을 반대하는 시위를 주도하다가 암살당했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">당시 독일은 혁신적인 발전을 거듭하고 있었으며 이는 프랑스</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">영국</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">러시아의 경계심을 부추겼다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">빌헬름</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'times new roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#315f97;">가</span><span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">국력을 날로 발전시킴에 따라 주변국과의 관계는 점차 불편해졌으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1908</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">8</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 크론베르크</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Kronberg) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">회동에서는</span><span lang="en-us" style="color:#0000ff;"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에드워드 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(1901</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년부터 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1910</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년까지 영국국왕으로 재위</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 대동한 부</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">副</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">국무차관 하딘 경</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Sir Charles Hardinge, 1858.6 - 1944.8)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">독일의 해군군비경쟁이 전쟁을 다그친다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">고 말하자 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">빌헬름</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'times new roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그것은 무역을 보호하기 위한 수단이며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">해군경비에 대한 지출을 제한하는 것은 전쟁선포나 마찬가지</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라며 정면으로 맞받아쳤다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">독일의 생산력은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1914</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 영국을 이미 추월했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">해군군함의 경쟁력도 그 간격을 점차 줄여가고 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프랑스와 러시아 역시 군사력을 점진적으로 강화하는 추세였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그것은 당시 독일의 외교대신 야고흐</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(G.von jagow, 1863.6 - 1935.1)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 영국주재 독일대사관 리히노브스키</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(K.M.Lichnowsky, 1860.6 - 1935.1)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 보내는 편지에서도 확인된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">‘</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">지금</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">러시아는 아직 전쟁준비를 끝낸 상태가 아니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프랑스와 영국도 지금 전쟁을 원하지 않는다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">권위있는 인사의 예측에 따르면</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">몇년이 더 경과시 러시아는 전투력을 갖추게 되며 그때가서는 사병에 수량면에서 우리를 압도할 뿐더러</span><span lang="en-us" style="color:#0000ff;"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">발트해 해군함대와 전략적철도도 완성되게 된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그러나 우리의 힘은 그들에 비해서 점점 쇠퇴하고 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">’</span><span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">러시아참모부와 프랑스는 영국 해군성과의 협력아래 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1914</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차세계대전 발발</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">8</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년전인 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년부터 꾸준히 군사비용을 증강시켰다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1914</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 독일은 킬</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Kiel)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">운하의 확장공사를 마무리함으로 인해 해군전함을 북해</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(North Sea)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서 발트해로 바로 이동시키는것이 가능해졌으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그 해 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">4</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월에는 프랑스와 러시아가 해군협정을 맺는다는 사실을 입수했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 유사시 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">주일안에 프랑스군을 궤멸하고 주 병력을 동부전선으로 신속히 이동시켜 러시아군을 섬멸하게 될 슐리펜</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(schlieffen)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">군사계획을 수립하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">독일군부는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1917</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년까지 시간을 끌게되면</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">러시아와 프랑스에 병사모집이 완료되기 때문에 불리한 상황이 전개될 수 있음을 예측 및 간파해냈다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1914</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">얼 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">28</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 사라예보에서 프란츠 페르디난드</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Franz Ferdinand, 1863 - 1914)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 가브릴로 프린치프</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(G.princip)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에게 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">발의 권총을 맞고 사망하는 사건이 발생하게된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">페르디난드는 황태자인 동시에 오스트리아 군의 원수 겸 총검열관이었으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">곧 오스트리아 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">- </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">헝가리제국의 황제가 될 인물이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">28</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일날 페르디난드가 사라예보에 간 이유는 당시 발칸반도에서 정치인물을 겨냥한 적지않은 암살사건이 세르비아를 주축으로 발생했기 때문이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이는 오스트리아를 자극시켰고 일종의 손봐주기 처럼 세르비아 변경에 있는 보스니아에서 대규모 군사훈련을 자행했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">날짜도 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">28</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일로 잡았는데</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 날짜가 특별한 이유는 세르비아가 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1386</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 터키에 의해 정복된 날짜였기 때문이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">오스트리아 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">- </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">헝가리제국</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이하 오스트리아로 약칭</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">은 독일과 사전조율을 했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1914</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">5</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 독일의 육군대장 몰트케</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Helmuth Johannes Ludwig Von Moltke, 1845.6 - 1916.6)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 오스트리아의 육군원수 겸 참모총장 회첸도르프</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Franz Graf Conrand Von H</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">ö</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">tzendorf, 1852.11 - 1925.8)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">와 칼스바트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Carlsbad)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서 군사회담을 갖는다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1914</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">5</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 오스트리아의 황제 조세프</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(franz josef </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">I</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1830.8 - 1916.11)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 특사를 파견해서 웰리엄 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세를 만나 전쟁이 발발할 경우 지원을 약속받았으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">12</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에는 페르디난드와 빌헬름 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세가 프라하성</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Prague Casle)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서 회동을 갖고 전쟁계획을 수립했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 회담에서는 러시아가 진행하는 전쟁준비의 속도</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">지중해에서 오스트리아 해군의 군사력 강화 그리고 터키와 로마니아</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">볼리비아를 끌어들여 세르비아를 침공하는 내용이 논의됐다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세르비아 당국은 비밀조직 흑수회와 보스니아 청년단체가 페르디난드를 암살하려는 첩보를 사전에 입수하고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">국경에서 이들이 들어오는 것을 막으려고 했지만 흑수회와 긴밀히 협조한 세르비아 변방군이 이들을 통과시킨다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">러시아의 육군개편이 끝나지 않은 상태라 전쟁을 꺼렸던 세르비아 당국은 세르비아 주재 오스트리아 대사관에 연락했지만</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">오스트리아는 시큰둥한 반응을 보이며 군사훈련을 강행하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1914</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">28</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 막상 페르디난드가 죽는 사건이 발생하자</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이해관계가 달린 유럽각국은 긴박하게 움직이기 시작했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. (</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이것을 외교사에서는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월위기라고 부른다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">우선 오스트리아는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">28</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 세르비아에 선전포고를 하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그 이유는 세르비아에 요구한 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">개조항</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(1.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">오스트리아 대한 증오심이나 경멸감을 조장하거나 그 영토의 보존에 반대하는 경향을 띤 일체의 출판물을 금지한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 2.</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">’</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">인민의 방어</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">’</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">같이 오스트리아에 반대하는 선전활동에 종사하는 모든 단체들을 즉시 해체하고 그 선전 수단들을 몰수한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 3.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">오스트리아에 반대하는 세르비아 내의 공공 교육활동을 지체없이 제거한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 4. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">오스트리아에 반대하는 선전활동에 가담한 인물들은 군대 및 행정 조직전체로부터 축출한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 5.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">오스트리아 왕국의 영토 보존에 반대하는 전복활동의 제거를 위한 오스트리아 정부대표의 세르비아 내 활동의 협조를 수락한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">여섯</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">28</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일의 음모에 가담한 방조자들에 대한 사법절차에 오스트리아 정부의 대리인들이 참여토록 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 7.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사라예보에서의 정부조사단의 결과를 손상시킨 보야 탄코비치</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Voija Tankovich)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">및 밀란 치가노비치</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Milan Clganovich) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">두 사람의 관리를 지체 없이 체포한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 8.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세르비아와 보스니아 국경을 넘는 무기 및 화약류의 불법거래를 방지하고 사라예보 사건 당시 무기거래를 방치했거나 방조한 관리들을 처벌한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">아홉</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">28</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 범죄 이후로 오스트리아에 대한 적대적 발언을 자제하지 않았던 세르비아 고위 관리들의 정당화할 수 없는 발언에 대한 설명을 촉구한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 10.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">앞서 제시된 조치들의 집행에 대해 오스트리아 정부에 지체없이 보고한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">을 세르비아가 수용하지 않았다는 이유였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">러시아는 세르비아와 마찬가지로 슬라브 민족이 많았으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세르비아와 동맹국가였기 때문에 전쟁 발발전 최대한 오스트리아를 억제할려고 했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">24</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 러시아는 긴급 대신회의를 열어 강경한 입장이 전쟁의 도발을 억지할 수 있으며 전쟁이 발발해도 러시아는 이것을 밀고나가야 한다는 결론을 내리고 대신들은 이에 모두 동의하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그 날 저녁 세르비아에게 이러한 의사가 알려졌으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">러시아의 외무 장관 세르게이 사조노프</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Sergei Dmitrievich Sazonov, 1860.8 - 1927.12)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 독일대사에게 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">나는 오스트리아를 증오하지 않는다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">다만 경멸할 뿐이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">오스트리아는 세르비아를 집어삼킬 구실을 찾으려 하고 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그러나 그런일이 일어난다면 러시아는 오스트리아와 전쟁을 벌일것이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라는 말을 했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">러시아 정부는</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그 다음날인 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">25</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에 부분 동원령을 내렸으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">오스트리아가 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">28</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 세르비아에게 선전포고를 하자</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">30</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 총동원령을 내린다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프랑스와 독일</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">영국의 반응을 순서대로 관찰하자면</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프랑스에서는 대통령 푸앵카라</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Raymond Poincar</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">é</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1860.8 - 1934.10)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">와 총리 비비아니</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Jean Rapha</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">ё</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">l Adrien René viviani, 1863.11 - 1925.9</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1914</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">20</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 러시아의 페테르스부르크</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">현재 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">Saint Petersburg)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 도착해 양국간 동맹의 의무를 다할 것이라는 입장을 확인했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">공개적인 외교장소와 그 밖에 지역에서 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">‘</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">귀중한 우애</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">’</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">‘</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">형제같은 해군과 육군의 힘</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">’</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">‘</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">충성적인 동맹관계</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">’</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">를 언급하며 러시아와의 관계를 과시하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 특별히 오스트리아 대사를 만나 어루듯이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세르비야 문제를 신중히 다뤄야 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">고 말했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또 말하기를 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세르비아와 러시아사람들간의 우정은 매우돈독하며 러시아는 프랑스라는 동맹국가가 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">도대체 이문제가 어디까지 갈지 알수없다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라고 말했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">푸앵카라 대통령 일행은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">23</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에 페테르스부르크를 떠나</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 29</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 파리로 돌아갔으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">오스트리아는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">23</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 푸앵카라 대통령이 페테르스부르크를 떠나는 날에 맞추어 세르비아에게 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가지 요구사항이 들어있는 최후통첩을 날렸다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">독일의 입장은 신중했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">왜냐하면 전쟁이란 손자병법에서 손자가 말하고 있는것처럼 국가의 대사</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">大事</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">죽고 사는 문제가 달려있기 때문이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1914</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">5</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 오스트리아 대사가 조세프 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세의</span><span lang="en-us" style="color:#0000ff;"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">편지를 들고온다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">편지안에는 페르디난드가 사망한 사건과 슬라브 민족주의를 부추기는 일부사람들 때문에 오스트리아와 유럽의 평화가 위협받고 있다는 내용이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이에 따라 빌헬름 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세는 포츠담</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Potsdam)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">궁에서 고급장성들과 정부대신을 모아놓고 전쟁이 발생할 수 있음을 알리자 장군들은 전쟁준비가 끝났다고 말했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">총참모부의 군수부장은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이번일을 계기로 우리가 더 준비해야될것은 없습니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">동원계획은 이미 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1914</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">31</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일부로 이미 마쳤습니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">군대는 평상시와 같이 모든 준비가 끝난상태입니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라고 말했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 독일수상 베트만 홀베크</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Theobald von bethmann hollweg, 1856 - 1921)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">은 오스트리아의 대사 쇠기에니</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Von Szögyény - marich, 1841.11 - 1916.6)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에게 지지를 표한다는 회답을 주었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">상황은 점점 긴박하게 흘러갔고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">제국국회에서는 설전이 벌어졌다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">국회에서 투표안이 가결되야지 전쟁예산을 확충할 수 있기 때문이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">30</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 제국국회에서는 사회민주당</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Sozialdemokratische partei Deutschlands)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 앞장서 러시아로부터 독일을 지켜야한다고 말했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">러시아로부터 총동원령 소식이 들려오자 독일장성은 격한반응을 일으켰고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">시민들은 베를린에 있는 빌헬름</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'times new roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세의 황궁 앞으로 모여들었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="color:#ff0000;"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 후 유럽각국은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">8</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월초 서로에게 전쟁을 선포하며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전쟁에 들어갔다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">마지막으로 영국은 중립을 표방했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">애매모호한 입장을 보이다가 속내를 들어냈다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">영국이 전쟁에 참여하게 될 것이라는 소식과 참여하지 않을거라는 소식이 번갈아 오면서 혼선이 빚어졌다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1917</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 영국의 외무장관 그레이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Edward Grey, 1862.4 - 1933.9)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 주 영국 독일대사관에게 말하기를 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">영국은 프랑스와 러시아간에 어떠한 동맹관계도 존재하지 않으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의무에 얽매이지 않는다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또다시 강조하지만 영국의 입장은 전쟁을 방지하는데 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">며 입장을 밝혔다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">26</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 프랑스 대사 캉봉</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">J.Cambon</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">은 독일의 외교대신 야고흐에게 영국내각의 해군 전쟁준비 소식을 알려주었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">26</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 영국의 국왕 조지</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">5</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(George </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">V</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">재위 기간 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1910 - 1936</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 빌헬름</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세의 동생 빌헬름하인리히</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Albert Wilhelm Heinrich, 1862.8 - 1929.4)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">를 만나 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">우리는 최대한 중립을 유지하고 전쟁에 참여하지 않을 것입니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라는 말을 하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 말은 독일과 오스트리아에게 착각을 일으켰을 것이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">영국이 프랑스와 러시아에 말한 내용은 이와 정반대였는데</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전쟁을 일으켜야 되며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만약 전쟁 발발시 영국이 프랑스와 러시아에 편에서서 참전할 것이라고 말했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">오스트리아가 세르비아에게 전쟁을 선포한 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">28</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 다음날인 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">29</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 베트만 홀베크는 주 영국 대사 리히노브스키로부터 영국 외무장관 그레이가 한말을 전달받았다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그레이는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">분쟁에 독일과 프랑스가 개입한다면 상황은 변하게 되어있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">영국정부는 이러한 상황에 못이겨 긴급한 결정을 내리게 되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이러한 상황에서 영국정부는 강건너 불구경을 할 수가 없다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라고 했는데</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 소식을 들은 빌헬름</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세는 분에 넘쳐 소리질렀다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.. </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">영국은 우리가 막바지 길에 이르렀을 때 카드를 끄낸 것이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 저질인간들은 자신들의 유익만 챙기는 자들이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">온갖 말로 우리를 속이더니 조지</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">5</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세가 하인리히를 만날 때만 하더라도 중립을 지킬것이라고 말했지만 이제는 그게 거짓말임이 들어났다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그리고 욕했다 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">진짜 열받게 하는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">x</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">새끼들</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">!</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="color:#ff0000;"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;color:#ff0000;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">과장된 말이 아니라 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차세계 대전까지 영국의 활약은 눈부셨다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">인류역사상 가장 불가사의한 사건 중의 하나인 산업혁명이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1780</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년대 전후</span><span lang="en-us" style="color:#0000ff;"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일어났으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 산업혁명은 생산성이 급격히 향상되면서 경제규모가 커진것이 특징이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 프랑스 혁명을 일으킨 간접적 원인으로서 영국에서 발생한 경제불황이 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차세계대전에는 전쟁을 간접적으로 유발시켰으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사진에서 프리메이슨 특유의 손동작으로 자기자신이 프리메이슨임을 입증했으며 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차세계대전 당시 해군제독이었던 처칠</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, 1874.11 - 1965.1)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">Land ship</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프로젝트를 통해 리틀월리라는 최초의 탱크를 개량시켜 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">Mark 1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이라는 탱크로 솜 전투</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Battle of the somme)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 인류역사상 최초로 투입시킨다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그 이면에는 심상치 않은 무리가 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1660</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 설립된 영국왕립학회</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(the royal society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowlede)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 초기 멤버가 거의 모두 프리메이슨이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이들이 산업혁명에 영향을 주었을 것이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년에 프랑스 혁명이 성공하게되자 진화론을 쓴 찰스 다윈</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(C. R. Darwin, 1809.2 - 1882.4)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 할아버지 에라스무스 다윈</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Erasmus Darwin, 1731 - 1802)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">은 그의 동료들과 축배를 들었다고 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. Mackey</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">’</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">s encyclopedia of freemasonry(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">맥키의 프리메이슨 백화사전</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이라는 책을 보면 에라무스 다윈은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1788</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">Derby(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">더비</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, East Midlands</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 있는 도시</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">로 오기 이전 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">Cannongate Kilwinning</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라는 유명한 프리메이슨의 회원이었으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프리메이슨 지부 월광사</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(The lunar society) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">를 창설한 인물이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프랑스에서 혁명이 성공했다는 소식이 들려오자 적극적인 지지를 표명했다고 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <br></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차세계대전에서는 약 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">10,000,000</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명이 죽고 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">20,000,000</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명이 다쳤으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차세계대전 때는 군인과 민간인을 포함해 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">50,000,000</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명에서 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">70,000,000</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명이 죽게되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="color:#ff0000;"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#ff0000;">제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;color:#ff0000;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#ff0000;">차세계 대전 이 후 독일과 러시아</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">자본주의와 공산주의의 싸움은 큰 그림에 일부에 지나지 않는다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">나는 러시아가 어떻게 되든말든 사실 관심없다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">웃기지말고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 모든 것은 세계혁명을 향한 과정일 뿐이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">볼셰비키 혁명을 이끌었던 레닌</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Vladimir il</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">’</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">ich Lenin</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;color:#0000ff;">, </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1870.4 - 1924.1)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 한말이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사람들이 잊어버릴 때쯤 혁명의 소용돌이가 다시끔 일어난다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1789</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 프랑스 혁명부터 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 프랑스혁명까지는 </span><font face="Times New Roman">60</font><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1848</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 프랑스 혁명을으로부터 볼셰비키 혁명이 일어난 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1917</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년까지의 간격은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">70</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">독일의 경우 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1918</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 군지휘관들은 더 이상의 전쟁은 의미가 없다고 보았으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">황제에게 의회제도가 평화협정에 유리한 점으로 작용할 것이라며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의회제도를 받아들일것을 제안했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1918</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">28</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 의회는 제도화 되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">4</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년간 지속된 전쟁기간 중 독일에서는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">70</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만명의 사람이 기아나 질병으로 사망했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그 중 대다수가 어린이와 노인이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전쟁이 길어지면서 사람들은 전쟁에 대해 점점 싫증을 느끼기 시작했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1918</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년에 일어난 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 혁명은 킬</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(KIEL)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 정박하고 있던 해군수병들이 근무지에서 이탈해</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전쟁반대 시위를 벌임으로 시작되었으며 전쟁에 싫증이 난 군부도 이를 용인하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">민중들은 독일 황제의 퇴위를 요구했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">빌헬름</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세는 상당한 압박아래 놓이게 되었고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">제국내각에서도 그의 퇴위를 요구했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">수병들의 폭동은 반란 수준으로 치닫았고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">노동자 계급도 여기 참가했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 수는 점점 많아져 몇 칠안에 독일 각지가 혁명의 물결에 휩싸였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 베를린에서는 여러 정치인사들이 러시아처럼 폭력적 혁명이 발생할 것을 우려했고 이어 제국내각 내부에서는 빌헬름</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세의 퇴위을 요구했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">황제는 이에 대해 거부했지만 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 점심시간에 황제의 동의 없이 바덴</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(P.M.A.friedrich whilhem von baden. 1867.7 - 1929.11)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">총리가 황제의 퇴위설을 공식발표한 후 사회민주당의 당수 에베레트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Friedrich Ebert, 1871.2 - 1925.2)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에게 정부의 관할권을 이양했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 오후 사회민주당 소속 샤이데만</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Philipp Scheidemann, 1865.7 - 1939.11)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 공화국이 되었음을 선포했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">독일의 빌헬름</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1918</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 황제전용 열차를 타고 네델란드에 도착해 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1941</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 죽음으로써 생을 마감했지만</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">러시아의 황제 니콜라이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Aleksandrovich Nikolai </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">II</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1868.5 - 1918.7)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 일가는 볼셰비키 혁명세력에 의해 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1918</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">16</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 중앙아시아 에카테린부르크</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Ekaterinburg)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 한 저택지하실에서 총살당한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><br><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차세계대전을 통해서 니콜라이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세의 무능력이 들어났으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">단순히 공권력을 통해 민중을 더 이상 억누를 수 없는 한계에 봉착했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">총체적인 난국을 다스리지 못했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">니콜라이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1915</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월부터 군지휘권에 참여했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">내정은 그의 아내 알렉산더라</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">И</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.A</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">л</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">e</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">к</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">ca</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">ндр</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">Ф</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">Р</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">,1904.8 - 1918.7</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에게 맡겼다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">알렉산더라의 아들 알렉세이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">Ц</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">Алексей</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">Н</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">Р</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">,1904.8 - 1918.7</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">를 치료해준 라스푸친이 정치에 참여하면서 국가운영에 악영향을 주었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라스푸친은</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-weight:bold;"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1916</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">12</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">30</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 푸리시케비치</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">В</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">М</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">Пуришкевич</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">와 유수포프이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">Ф</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">Ф</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">Юсуповы</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 의해 살해당했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-weight:bold;"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">인플레이션에 따른 물가지수는 임금 인상률을 앞질렀고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">노동자들의 파업수가 점점 증가했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">러시아 군부에도 문제가 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1917</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 식량부족을 계기로 페트로그라드</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">현재 상트페테르부르크</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서 소요사태가 발생했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">니콜라이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세는 반란을 진압하기 위해 페트로그라드에 군대를 파견하기로 했으나</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">최고사령부에서 니콜라이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세에게 진압군 파견을 취소하고 두마가 요구한 입헌군주제를 수용하라고 조언했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">니콜라이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세는 군부에 대한 통제력을 잃어버렸다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">독일의 빌헬름 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세가 네델란드행 열차에 몸을 맡긴것은 킬</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(KIEL)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서 반란이 일어났을 때 연락이 닿는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">20</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명의 사령관 중 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명만 충성을 맹세했기 때문이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의원의 직위가 있는 두마의 지도자들과 군부의 장군들은 니콜라이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세의 퇴위를 요구했고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1917</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 니콜라이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세는 동생 미하일 대공에게 왕위를 양도할 것과 새 내각구성에 동의했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">하지만 미하일대공이 제헌의회에 의해 추대되지 않는 한 제위를 계승할 뜻이 없다고 밝히면서 거부했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이로써 로마노프 왕조의 통치는 끝났으며 동시에 러시아의 군주제는 사실상 끝이났다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">어쩌면 미하일은 처음부터 변절자</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">變節者</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이거나 누군가로부터 위협을 받았을 수도 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1871</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년부터 러시아의 차르</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(tsar)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 위협을 받기 시작했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1879</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">4</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">14</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 솔로비요프라는 학생이 알렉산드르 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세에게 권총 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">5</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">발을 쏘았다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그해 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">12</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 모스크바에서 그리 멀지 않은 철도에서 폭탄이 터져 황제의 기차가 탈선하기도 했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1880</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">17</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에는 동궁의 식당에서 황제 가족이 들어오기 직전에 폭탄이 터졌다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1881</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 페테르부르크에서 폭탄이 터져 알렉산드르 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세는 마침내 죽임을 당한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">당시 이 사건은 민중의 의지당이라는 단체에 의해 자행되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">새 내각 즉 임시정부는 르보프 공</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Prince george E.Lvov)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">을 수반으로 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1917</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 설립되었으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1917</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월에는 케렌스키</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Aleksandr Fyodorovich Kerenski, 1881 - 1970)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 총리직을 맡게된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 임시정부는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1917</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">25</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 볼셰비키 혁명 세력에 의해 전복된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">자신의 초상화에서 프리메이슨 특유의 손동작으로 자기자신이 프리메이슨임을 증명한 레닌은 볼셰비키당의 구성원이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">볼셰비키가 얼만큼 교회와 하나님을 싫어하는 지는 그들의 정책에서도 잘 드러난다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">볼세비키는 러시아의 국교로서 정교회가 지니고 있던 지위와 재산을 빼앗겠다고 결심했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">교회와 국가를 분리했고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">교회 토지를 국유화시켰으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">국가 보조금을 중단시키고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">학교에서 종교 교육을 불법화 시켰다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">종교가 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사적인 문제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1920</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 말까지 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">낡은 지배 계급이라는 착취 기계 안의 강력한 나사</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">인 수도원 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">673</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">개소가 해산되고 그 토지가 몰수되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">교회지지자와 소비에트 지지자 사이의 폭력 충돌은 내전의 한 상수</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">常數</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">볼셰비키의 정치선전은 사제를 주정뱅이와 먹보로</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">수도사와 수녀를 재수없는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">까마귀</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">로 묘사했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">대다수 성직자는 볼셰비키를 그리스도를 미워하는자 등으로 묘사했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">임시정부에서 총리직을 맡았던 케렌스키는 미국으로 망명해 자신이 집필한 회고록에서 자기자신을 프리메이슨이라고 소개했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">로마노프 왕조가 종식된 후 일어난 임시정부와 볼셰비키의 수뇌</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">首腦</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">모두가 프리메이슨이었다는 점을 감안했을 때 어떤것이 계획적이었냐 어떤것이 계획적인 것이 아니었냐를 억지로 끼워맞추는 것은 의미가 없을 수 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">그렇다면 프리메이슨의 의도는 과연 무엇일까</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">? </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">볼셰비키당은 이 후 전시 공산주의를 선언했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1924</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 소비예트 사회주의 공화국 연방</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 설립된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 후 소련은 공산주의 정책노선을 계속 유지하였으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전세계를 자본주의 진영과 공산주의 진영 그리고 제 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세계로 나누었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 기간동안 사람들을 지배할 기술을 발전시켰을 것이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">예수님의 직접적인 계시로 이루어진 요한계시록 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">13</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">장 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">16 - 18</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">절에는 짐승의 표를 사람의 이마와 손에 넣는 구절이 나온다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">현재 과학기술은 매우 발전해 있으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전자기기를 통해서 사람의 몸과 마음을 통제할 수 있는 기술이 이미 완성단계에 와있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">볼셰비키 혁명이 일어나기전 러시아 전 인구의 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">98%</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 정교회 신자였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 많은 사람이 하루아침에 공산주의 사상 즉 무신론</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">無神論</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사상을 강요받게 된 것이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#ff0000;">불법 금융가와 제 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;color:#ff0000;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#ff0000;">차 세계대전</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">이야기의 내용이 신속히 전개되고있지만 핵심적인 내용들은 표현되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 장에서는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1929</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 세계대공황이 왜 일어났는지를 규명하는 것이 아니라</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이미 발생한 일에 대해서 서술하고 과정은 생략한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">경제수치가 지루한 분은 이 장을 그냥 통과하여도 좋다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">금융정책을 보다보면 머리가 어지러워진다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1929</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년에 발발한 세계대공황은 그 규모나 지속시간 면에서 유래를 찾아볼 수 없는 사건이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">지금까지도 세계대공황이 정확이 무엇때문에 일어났는지에 대해서 학술계에 일치된 의견은 없다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">먼저 주목할만한점은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1929</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 세계대공황은 제 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차세계대전이 종결된지 불과 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년만에 일어났다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">베르사유 조약이후 독일은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1,320</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">억 금 마르크라는 불평등한 전후 배상금을 지불해야 했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">저명한 경제학자 케인스</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(John maynard keynes, 1883.6 - 1946.4)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 영국대표단의 경제고문으로서 배상금 문제에 참여했으나 학자의 양심을 어길 수 없어서 직위를 사퇴한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1920</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 유럽 제조업의 생산량은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1914</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 생산량의 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">4</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">분의 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">수준이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">배상금 문제와 더불어 전쟁피해를 입은 국가들도 인플레이션을 겪었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">옛 합스부르크 왕조를 계승한 오스트리아와 헝가리</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그 외 불가리아</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그리스</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">폴란드가 극심한 인플레이션을 겪었으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이탈리아와 프랑스도 적지않은 인플레이션을 겪었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 후 유럽각국은 적절한 경제대책을 시행하면서 상황이 호전되는 듯 했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1925</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년에 유럽의 식품 및 원료 생산량은 처음으로 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1913</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년의 수치를 따라잡았으며 제조업 생산량은 계속 회복되고 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전세계적으로 무역이 회복되었다는 점과 더불어</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이제 자본 수출국이 된 미국의 방대한 투자에 힘입어 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1929</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 유럽의 교역량은 상당한 수준에 이르렀으나</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1929</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 세계대공황이 발생하면서 상황이 반전된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">미국에서 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1929</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 경제위기가 발생하게 된 이유는 여러가지이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">첫째 과잉생산</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">둘째 주식시장의 붕괴</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">셋째 구매와 투자의 비활성화</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">넷째 스무트 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">- </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">할리</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">원명은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">The Tariff Act of 1930)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">관세법 등이 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">하지만 학자들은 이런저런 이유를 들어 서로의 의견을 반박하고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의견의 일치를 보이지 않는다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1929</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 미국에서 경제위기가 발생하면서 은행에도 악형향을 끼쳤는데</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">은행의 위기는 가장 취약한 채무자들의 자금 조달을 어렵게 만들었고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">수많은 파산자를 양산했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">농민</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">중소기업</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그리고 부채 가계는 이러한 위기의 직접적인 피해자였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1929</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">부터 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1933</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년까지 미국의 실업률은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">5%</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">25%</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">까지 급등하였고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">산업생산량은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">37%</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">감소하였으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">물가는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">33% </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">하락</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">실질 국민총생산는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">30% </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">감소하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;color:#0000ff;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프랭클린 루즈벨트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Franklin D.Roosevelt, </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1882.1 - 1945.4</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1911</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 뉴욕의 홀랜드 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">8</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">번 지부에 가입한 프리메이슨이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">루즈벨트가 대통령에 취임하기 전인 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1930</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년부터 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1933</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년까지 이미 미국 은행의 절반이 파산이나 합병을 통해 사라졌다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">위기 이전</span><span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">9000</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">개였던 은행은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2000</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">개로 줄어들었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">루즈벨트는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1933</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">4</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 취임하면서 미국전역에 있는 모든 은행이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일부터 휴업</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Bank Holiday)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 들어가며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">내부점검을 받은 은행만 영업재개가 가능하다고 공식발표하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 때 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">FRB</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 가입을 거부하던 중서부권의 은행들은 영구휴가를 받게 되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span lang="en-us" style="color:#0000ff;"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이어 루즈벨트는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1933</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">16</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">Banking Act of 1933(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">원명은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">Glass - Steagall Act)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라는 법안을 국회에서 통과시킨다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. Banking Act of 1933</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 목표는 당시 은행이 갖고 있던 문제점을 해결시킨다는 것이었는데 그것은 투자은행과 상업은행이 연합해서는 안된다는 것이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이런 종류의 연합은행은</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1929</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 경제침체가 발생하기 전 흔히 존재하던 유형의 은행이었다고한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그런데 이러한 은행들이 증권시장에서 활동함으로 인해서 은행에 건정성을 해친다는 이유로 상업은행과 투자은행을 분리시켰다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. The Cambridge Economic History of the United States</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 공동저자 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">Peter Temin</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 따르면</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">실제로는 당시 미국의 경제침체 중 증권부를 갖고 있던 은행이 증권부를 갖고 있지 않던 은행보다 실질영업이익율이 더 높았다고 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 루즈벨트가 농업과 공업 그리고 의약</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(FDA)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">과 관련해 내놓은 정책은 이후 연방정부의 힘을 영구적으로 강화시켰다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1929</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">4</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월에서 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1933</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 까지 세계의 무역수입은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">30</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">억에서 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">억으로 줄었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 원자재 수출의 비중이 높은 라틴아메리카는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1929 - 33</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 원자재 가격이 경제위기 전의 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">분의 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">수준으로 떨어지면서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">높은 채무를 감당하지 못해 대부분의 나라가 파산하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">유럽에서는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1931</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">5</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월에 오스트리아의 거대 은행인 보덴 크레디트 안쉬탈트</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Bodencreditanstalt)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 파산하자 헝가리</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">체코</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">루마니아</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">폴란드</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">독일의 은행들이 잇달아 파산했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이러한 경제위기는 독일과 일본에도 악영향을 미쳤다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">미국내에서는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">FRB</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 긴</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">축통화정책으로 이자율을 급격히 인상하여 해외 대부</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">貸付</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 유인을 약화시켰다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이에 따라 독일은 돈을 빌리기가 힘들어졌는데</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">독일내부에서는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1929</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년과 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1932</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 사이에 실질 국내생산이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">16%, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">공업 생산은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">40%</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이상이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">수출액은 거의 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">60%</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 감소했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">실업자수는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1927</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년에 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">130</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만명 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전체노동력의 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">4%</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이하</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1932</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년에 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">560</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만명 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(17%</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이상</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">으로 급증하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이러한 상황은 나치스로 하여금 정권을 잡는데 유리하게 만들었고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1930</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월의 독일 총선거에서는 그 때까지 독일의회에서 오직 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">12</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">석 밖에 차지하지 못했던 나치스당이 총 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">577</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">석 중 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">107</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">석을 차지하기에 이르렀고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1932</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월의 선거에서는 총 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">608</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">석 중 나치스당원의 의석은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">230</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">석으로 증가하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1933</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">30</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에 히틀러는 집권할 수 있는 권력을 얻는다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1933</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">5</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에는 의회를 해산하고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">재선거를 통해 의석의 과반수 이상을 차지했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">23</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에는 수권법</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Ermachtigunggesetz)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">을 통과시키더니 입법권</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">立法權</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">을 장악하고 히틀러는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1934</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 총통에 자리에 올랐다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">아시아의 일본에서는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1930</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 하마구치</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">浜口雄幸</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1870 - 1931)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">내각이 금본위 정책을 실시하였으나 엔화와 금화를 안정시키는데 실패하였고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그 여파가 농촌에까지 확산되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">주가와 물가는 하락세를 기록했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">미국에서 발생한 공황이 수출에 큰 악재로 작용하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이러한 배경하 에 군부</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">軍部</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 권력을 장악하여 전쟁을 일으켰다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 금본위의 붕괴도 주목할 만한 점이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1931</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">21</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 영국이 금본위를 포기하기전 오스트레일리아</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">뉴질랜드</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">아르헨티나를 포함한 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">7</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">개 국가는 이미 금본위제를 떠난 상태였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">영국이 금본위제서 이탈한 이후 스웨덴</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">덴마크</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">노르웨이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">핀란드</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">아일랜드 자유국</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그리스</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">포르투갈 등을 포함한 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">24</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">개국이 곧바로 그 뒤를 이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 후 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1971</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">8</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">15</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 미국의 닉슨</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Richard Nixon, 1913.1 - 1994.4</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;color:#0000ff;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">대통령이 달러와 금의 태환을 포기하면서 금본위는 역사속으로 사라지게 되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">과거 금과 은은 사회에서 통용되던 화폐였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">금본위 즉 금태환 정책은 금과 화폐가 엮여 있다는 것을 말하며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이러한 정책이 실행될려면 경제가 안정적이어야 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">국가의 재정빚이 기하급수적으로 늘어나는 현대사회에서 현재 금본위 은본위로 돌아가겠다고 외칠 나라는 별로 없다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그렇다면 프리메이슨이 원하는 화폐는 무엇일까</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">? </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그것은 금본위 은본위</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그리고 인터넷 화폐</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(EX: </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">비트코인</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">도 아닌 전자시스템으로 이루어질 화폐이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">왜냐하면 성경에서 말한 대재앙을 일으키는 무리의 특징과 프리메이슨의 특징이 고도로 일치하기 때문이며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">요한계시록에서 말한 짐승표를 강요할 짐승정권이 앞으로 프리메이슨과 일루미나티들에 의해서 구현될 것이라는 것을 알 수 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">기독교적인 관점에서 보자면</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">성경의 맨 마지막에 나오는 요한계시록은 예수님의 직접적인 계시로 쓰여진 책이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 요한 계시록에는 짐승의 표가 갖고 있는 특징에 대해 서술했는데 이 짐승의 표는 몇 가지 특징이 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">첫째</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">계 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">13:16</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 나오는 표는 영어성경에는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">Mark</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">로 적혀있으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">헬라어 성경에는 카리소</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Kariso)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라고 적혀있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">카리소는 심다라는 뜻이 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">둘째</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">계</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">13:16) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">표를 받는 위치는 이마와 오른손이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">셋째</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. (</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">계</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">13:17)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사고 팔수있는 매매기능이 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">넷째</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">계</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">13:17-18, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">계</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">15:2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">절에 나오는 사람의 수는 라틴어 성경에서 디지털</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(digital)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">로 표시되어 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">조금 더 들어가보면 다음과 같은 특징이 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">첫째</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. (</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">계</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">13:15)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 짐승의 표를 받지 않으면 짐승정권으로부터 박해를 받는다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">둘째</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 8번째 짐승 때 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">강요된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">셋째</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. (</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">계</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">13:6-8) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">많은 사람들이 타협한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">넷째</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">계</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">16:2) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">짐승의 표를 받은 자들에게서 악하고 독한 헌데가 난다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">다섯째</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">성경 맨 첫장에 나오는 창세기에서는 하나님이 아담과 하와에게 선악과를 먹지말라는 말이나온다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">요한계시록에도 하나님은 사람들이 이 짐승의 표를 받음으로써 받게될 파멸적인 결과에 대해서 경고하고 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">다양한 기능을 갖고 있는 전자기기가 전자화폐의 형식으로 몸속에 들어가는게 프리메이슨의 최종목적일 것이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">따라서 이 전자화폐가 프리메이슨이 원하는 화폐라고 결론을 내릴 수 있으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">시간이 흐름에 따라 전자화폐가 의식의 큰 거부없이 오른손과 이마에 심어질 날만 기다리고 있을 것이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">요한계시록 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">13:16 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">죽임을 당한 어린양의 생명책에 창세 이후로 녹명되지 못하고 이 땅에 사는 자들은 다 짐승에게 경배하더라</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="color:#ff0000;"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#ff0000;">평양대부흥 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;color:#ff0000;">前</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#ff0000;">단계</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">우리나라 사람들은 예로부터 신</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">神</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 대한 기억을 가지고 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그것은 과거 왕조</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">王朝</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 제천의식</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">祭天儀式</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서도 확인된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">기원전 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세기부터 기원후 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">494</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년까지 존속했던 부여의 영고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">迎鼓</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">), </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">기원전</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세기부터 기원후 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세기까지 존속했던 동예의 무천</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">舞天</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">), </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">고구려의 동맹</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">東盟</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">), </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">삼한</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">마한</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">,</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">진한</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">,</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">변한</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 수릿날과 시월제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">신라와 고려의 팔관회</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">八關會</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">), </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">고려와 조선에 있었던 원구제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">圓丘祭</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">등 모두 하늘에 대한 감사</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">기원의 뜻이 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 평양대부흥이 있기전 이미 복음의 씨앗을 뿌린 사람들이 있었으니 그들은 한국의 천주교인들이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1645</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 북경에 인질로 잡혀간 소현세자가 아담 샬 신부와 접촉하면서 천주교에 관한 지식을 듣게되었고 그 해 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 조선으로 귀국한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="margin-left:.9pt;font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;text-indent:-.9pt;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 후 천주교는 조선의 지식인과 상류층 사이에서 서학으로서 뿌리를 내리게 되는데한문으로 번역된 서학서를 연구하고 서학에 관심을 가지는 실학파</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">實學派</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 의해서 연구된다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">박지원</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">홍대용</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">박제가</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이덕무 같은 실학자들은 부연사</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">赴燕使</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일행과 동행하여 북경에 있는 성당에서 천주교 교리와 서양과학에 대해 듣고 연구를 지속해 나갔다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="margin-left:.9pt;font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;text-indent:-.9pt;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">한국 역사상 최초의 기독교 신앙실천 운동인 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1777</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">정조 원년</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">겨울 교리연구회는 권철신</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">정약전</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이벽등에 의해 주도했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이들을 비롯해서 권상학</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">권일신의 아들</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">등 수명의 지식인들이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1777</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 주어사에서 교리연구회를 열고 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">여일간 천지인성에 대한 고현</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">古賢</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 모든 학설을 토론하고 서학과 천주교 관계 서적을 검토한 후 천주교의 합리성을 인정하게 되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그리고 이들은 자체적으로 기도생활과 안식일을 지키는 등 신앙생활을 시작하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="margin-left:.9pt;font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;text-indent:-.9pt;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1782</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 중국에서 예수회 신부 그라몽으로부터 세례받은 이승훈은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1784</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 봄 서울로 귀국한 다음</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이벽</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">권일신</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">김범우 등에게 세례를 주었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 영세를 받은 사람들 중에서 또 몇 사람을 교리 교사로 세워 비교적 짧은 기간 내에 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1,000</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명이 넘는 조선인 남녀에게 세례를 주었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1784</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 음력 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 경 한국 역사상 처음으로 김범우의 집이 있던 서울의 명례방</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">현재의 명동성당 부근</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 천주교 신앙공동체를 세우게 되었는데</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 신앙공동체는 외부의 도움이나 선교사의 도움 그리고 성직자의 도움없이 자발적으로 태생한 것이여서 큰 의미가 있으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">세계 선교사례에서도 특수한 경우에 속한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이처럼 우리 조상들은 누가 깨우쳐주지 않아도 예수님과 하나님이 참신임을 스스로 깨우쳐 알았다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="margin-left:.9pt;font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;text-indent:-.9pt;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="margin-left:.9pt;font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;text-indent:-.9pt;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 천주교인들은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1886</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 조불수호통상조약 전까지 극심한 탄압을 받았다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1801</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년에는 신유박해로 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">300</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명이상</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">달레의 조선교회사에 따르면 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1839</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 기해박해 때는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">200</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명이상</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1866</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 병인박해 때는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">8000</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명 이상 순교하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이스라엘</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Israel)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">과 한국은 거리상으로 굉장히 멀리 떨어져 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그런데 어떻게 복음이 잘 전파되고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년에는 평양에서 대부흥까지 일어날 수 있었을까</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">?</span> </p> <p class="1" style="margin-left:.9pt;font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;text-indent:-.9pt;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="margin-left:.9pt;font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;text-indent:-.9pt;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">성경은 그 해답을 이미 제시하고 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="margin-left:.9pt;font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;text-indent:-.9pt;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">이사야 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">56</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">장 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">절부터 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">8</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">절 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">‘</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">여호화께 연합한 이방인은 여호와께서 나를 그 백성 중에서 반드시 갈라내시리라 말하지 말며 고자도 나는 마른 나무라 말하지 말라 여호와께서 이같이 말씀하시기를 나의 안식일을 지키며 나를 기뻐하는 일을 선택하며 나의 언약을 굳게 잡는 고자들에게는 내가 내 집에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">내 성 안에서 자녀보다 나은 기념물과 이름을 주며 영영한 이름을 주어 끊치지 않게 할 것이며 또 나 여호와에게 연합하여</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">섬기며 나 여호와의 이름을 사랑하며 나의 종이 되며 안식일을 지켜 더럽히지 아니하며 나의언약을 굳게 지키는 이방인마다 내가 그를 나의 성산으로 인도하여 기도하는 내 집에서 그들을 기쁘게 할 것이며 그들의 번제와 희생은 나의 단에서 기꺼이 받게 되리니 이는 내집은 만민의 기도하는 집이라 일컬음이 될 것임이라 이스라엘의 쫓겨난 자를 모으는 주 여호와가 말하노니 내가 이미 모은 본 백성 외에 또 모아 그에게 속하게 하리라 하셨느니라</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">’</span> </p> <p class="1" style="margin-left:.9pt;font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;text-indent:-.9pt;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;color:#ff0000;">1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#ff0000;">년 평양대부흥</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 평양에서 무슨일이 일어났던 것일까</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">? </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">인류역사상 그 유래를 찾아볼수 없던 일들이 일어났다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">감리교 선교사 노블</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(W.A.Noble, 1866 - 1945)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">은 자신이 속한 선교처에 보고를 하면서 다음과 같이 진술했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">한국교회에 나 자신이 지금까지 목격하지 못했고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">듣지도 못했던 가장 놀라운 성령의 부어주심의 현시가 있었는데</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">아마도 사도시대 이 후 이보다 더 놀라운 하나님의 권능의 현시는 없었을 것입니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">매 집회에 주님의 권능</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(The Slain)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 교회 전체와 때로는 밖에 임했습니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">남녀가 회개의 역사로 고꾸라지고 의식을 잃었습니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전 도시는 마치 사람들이 죽은 자를 위해 통곡하고 있는 듯 했습니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">많은 사람들이 자신들의 죄사함이나 아직 회심 받지 못한 다른 사람들을 위해 기도 가운데 탄식하며 집에서 온 밤을 지세웠습니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:SimSun;letter-spacing:0pt;">… </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사람들은 자발적으로 기도합니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">교회는 참으로 많은 악기에서 나는 화음보다 더 조화를 이루는 수백 명의 기도소리의 중얼거림으로 가득 찼습니다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">외국기자들은 신문에다가 한국의 평양이 제 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 예루살렘이라고 소개했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">예루살렘은 어떤 곳인가</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">? </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그곳은 기독교의 부흥이 발흥된 곳이며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">예수님이 성령을 받으라는 명령에 따라 그 말씀을 믿고 순종한 사람이 있던 곳이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 120</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명의 제자들이 모여있던 마가다락방에서 성령께서 강림하셨으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 마가다락방이 있었던 예루살렘으로부터 온 유대와 사마리아와 땅 끝까지 복음이 전파되는 사명</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">使命</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 시작된 곳이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 평양대부흥은 어느날 갑자기 일어난 것이 아니었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그 전부터 성령의 의한 감화와 감동의 징조가 뚜렷히 나타났으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">점진적으로 강하게 그리고 넓게 나타났다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';"> </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1901</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 북감리교와 남감리교가 연합으로 개최한 신학회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1902</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 사경회와 고난 주일 특별기도회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1903</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 서울의 북감리교 선교회와 남감리교 선교회의 연합사경회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1903</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 개성에서 열린 신년기도회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1903</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">8</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 평양에서 문경호 전도사가 이끈 함종읍교회와 칠산리교회의 집회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">,1903</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">8</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 원산의 캐나다 장로교선교회와 남감리교 선교회가 주관한 한 주간의 연합 사경회와 기도회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1904</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 봄 캐롤이 맡고 있던 부흥회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1904</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 장로교</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">,</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">감리교</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">,</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">침례교가 모여 열은 연합사경회</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">査經會</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">,Bible study)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1904</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">5</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일부터 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">주간 하디 목사의 인도로 열린 원산 남산동감리교회의 사경회와 저녁기도회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1904</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 중순 하디목사의 인도로 강원도 금화군 지경대의 새술막 사경회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1904</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">26</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일부터 개성남부교회당에서 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일간 열린 개성지방 연합사경회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1904</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">4</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 서울 자골에 위치한 자교</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Chat coal or Chakol)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">교회에서 열린 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일간의 부흥회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">,1904</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일부터 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일까지 목사 하디의 인도로 열린 정동감리교회 집회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1904</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">16</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 모리스 일행이 평양에서 한국인을 대상으로 하는 집회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1904</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">11</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일부터 일주일간 하디 목사의 인도로 인천 제물포에서 열린 집회에서</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1905</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 개성에서 열린 지방 연례 사경회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1905</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 말 강화 홍해교회에 아델리아 밀러</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Lula A. Miller)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 인도하는 여자 사경회의 아침성경공부 시간에</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1905</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 신년</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">구정</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">들어 열린 원산 남자 사경회와 원산지방 여자 사경회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1905</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 여자들을 위한 특별사경회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1905</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 서울 문산포에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1905</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">4</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 크램의 인도로 열린 개성지역 첫 여자 사경회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">,1905</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년부터는 이제 원산</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">개성</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">평양</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">서울을 넘어 전국적으로 확산되기 시작했으며 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1906</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년부터는 더욱더 크고 강력한 성령의 임재가 나타나기 시작했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1906</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 봄학기가 시작되기 전 이화학당과 배재학당 두 학교에서 매일 세번씩 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">주간 열리는 하디의 집회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1906</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 장감연합공회의 결정에 따라 서울지역에서 열린 특별 신년 부흥집회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1906</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 서울 자교교회에서 열린 신년 사경회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1906</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">29</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 장대현교회와 남문교회에서 열린 장로교 신년사경회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1906</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">30</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 선천읍 교회당에서 열린 신년부흥회에서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또 중요한 사건으로는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1906</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 가을 평양과 원산 서울에서 열린 일련의 사경회</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">존스톤</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Howard Agnew Johnston)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 서울과 평양집회</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">저딘</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(J.L.Gerdine)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 목포 부흥회</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">선교사들의 정오 기도회를 들 수 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 평양대부흥이란 당시 평양 장대현 거리에 있었던 장대현 교회에서 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일부터 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">15</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일까지 열린 평안남도도사경회</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">平安南道都査經會</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 내린 성령의 임재를 뜻하며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 성령의 역사가 장대현 교회에 그치지 않고 평양 시내로</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">평양 주변의 도시로</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전국 방방곡곡으로 그리고 더 나아가 중국까지 뻗쳐나간 사건을 뜻한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 평양대부흥에는 크게 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가지 특징이 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">첫째</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">부흥을 위해 기도하는 사람이 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">둘째</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">부흥을 원하는 사람들이 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">셋째</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">회개했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">부흥을 위해 기도하는 사람이 있었다 함은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1906</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 서울 사경회와 장감연합공회에서 존스톤 목사가 말한 영국의 웨일스와 인도의 부흥소식을 듣고 선교사들은 자극을 받았다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이에 선교사들이 수개월간 한국에 부흥이 임하게 해달라고 기도했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">,</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">더 나아가 장대현 교회의 이길함 선교사와 평양 시내 선교사들은 한국인 신도들에게 같이 기도할 것을 요청했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이에 평양지역에서는 교파를 초월해 선교사들과 한국 교인들이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월부터 있는 장로교의 평안남도도사경회와 후에 열릴 감리교의 연합사경 때 놀라운 성령의 역사가 임할 것을 기도로 간구했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1906</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 크리스마스 이 후 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">주일간 특별기도회가 장대현교회에서 열렸으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 때 장로교와 감리교 선교사 그리고 한국인 교인들이 매일 저녁 장대현교회에 모여서 오순절과 같은 놀라운 성령의 역사가 자신들에게 임하기를 간절히 기도하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일부터 열린 사경회에서 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">13</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일날 저녁 영적인 방해 움직임이 느껴지자 선교사들이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">14</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 정오에 모여서 기도회를 갖었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그 동안에 기도가 물거품이 되지 않도록 하나님의 강력한 역사를 촉구하였을 것이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 해외에서도 한국을 위해 기도하는 사람이 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">메릴랜드 주 볼티모어 여자대학의 가우처</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(John F. Goucher, 1845 - 1922)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">총장은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">18</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일부터 열린 감리교 연례모임에서 민영익을 단장으로 한 견미사절단 일행과 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1883</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 기차에서 만난 후 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">“25</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년간 날마다 한국을 위해 기도하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라고 고백하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">두번째로 부흥을 원하는 사람이 있었다 함은 우선 길선주 장로를 들 수 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1906</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 평양 장대현 교회에서 평양 주재 장로교 선교사들과 한국 신도가 참여하고 존스톤 목사가 이끄는 특별사경회에서 영국 웨일스 지역과 인도지역에 일어난 부흥이 설명되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">존스톤 목사는 교회에서 이렇게 말했다고 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. ‘</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">누가 조선 땅에서 성령충만 받기를 원하느냐</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">?’ </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그러자 아무도 대답을 못하고 조용히 있는데 길선주 장로가 손을 번쩍 들었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그 날 존스톤 목사는 한국 땅에 부흥이 일어날 것을 예언했다고 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월에 열린 평안남도도사경회는 일반신자가 오는 곳이 아니었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">교회의 대표자</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">지도자</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">말씀을 사모하는 사람이 와서 참석했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이렇듯 교회가 내보낼 수 있는 사람들이 모여서 한 마음으로 기도할 때 하나님께서는 은혜를 허락해주셨다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 평양 대부흥의 발단</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">發端</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 된 평안남도도사경회에서는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">14</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일과 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">15</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일저녁 집중적으로 성령의 현시</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">顯示</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 이루어졌다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">어떤사람이 그날 저녁에 있었을까</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">? </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">밤을 지새우며 기도하기를 원하는 사람들이 저녁에 남았다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 14</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">500-600</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명이</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 15</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에는 거의 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">600</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">명에 달하는 사람들이 하나님의 은혜를 받기 위해 그 자리에 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이것은 마치 기드온의 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">300</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">용사와 사도행전의 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">120</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">문도를 연상시킨다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">마가복음 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">장에 보면 맹인 바디매오의 이야기가 나온다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">예수님께서는 여리고라는 지역에 들려 나가시는 길에 디매오의 아들 맹인거지 바디매오가 길가에 앉아있다가 예수님이 이쪽 길로 지나가신다는 말을 들었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">맹인거지 바디매오는 이것이 일평생 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">번 올까말까한 기회인 것을 알았다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그래서 소리질렀다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. ‘</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">다윗의 자손 예수여 나를 불쌍히 여기소서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">’ </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그러자 주변에 있는 사람들이 시끄럽다며 말렸다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그는 더 큰 소리로 부르짖었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. ‘</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">다윗의 자손이여 나를 불쌍히 여기소서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">’ </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">바디매오는 예수님께서 오라는 소리에 거지한테는 전재산이라고도 할 수 있는 겉옷을 내버리고 예수님께 나아갔고 그의 눈을 치료받았다는 이야기가 성경에 기록되어 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">세번째로 회개하였다 함은 성령의 임재가 임했던 곳에는 항상 회개가 뒤따랐다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">백인 선교사</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">목사</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">장로</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">집사</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">평신도</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">남자와 여자</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">학생과 직업인</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">노인과 어린자를 불문하고 회개하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">다른 사람이 몰랐으면 좋았을 것들</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">은밀히 행한 죄악들</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사람이 상상할 수 있는 혹은 상상할 수 없는 모든 죄악들이 낱낱이 고백되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">예수님은 이미 회개와 관한 말씀을 하셨다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">누가복음 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">24:47 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">또 그의 이름으로 죄 사함을 받게 하는 회개가 예루살렘에서 시작하여 모든 족속에게 전파될 것이 기록되었으니</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">누가복음 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">15:7 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">내가 너희에게 이르노니 이와 같이 죄인 한 사람이 회개하면 하늘에서는 회개할 것 없는 의인 아흔아홉으로 말미암아 기뻐하는 것보다 더하리라</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">마가복음 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1:15 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이르시되 때가 찼고 하나님의 나라가 가까이 왔으니 회개하고 복음을 믿으라 하시더라</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">세례요한과 예수님의 제자 베드로와 누가</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사도바울도 회개에 관하여 말하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">사도행전 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">17:30 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">알지 못하던 시대에는 하나님이 간과하셨거니와 이제는 어디든지 사람에게 다 명하사 회개하라 하셨으니</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">고린도후서 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">7:10 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">하나님의 뜻대로 하는 근심은 후회할 것이 없는 구원에 이르게 하는 회개를 이루는 것이요 세상 근심은 사망을 이루는 것이니라</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">사도행전 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2:38 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">베드로가 이르되 너희가 회개하여 각각 예수 그리스도의 이름으로 세례를 받고 죄 사함을 받으라 그리하면 성령의 선물을 받으리니</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">베드로 후서 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">3:9 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">주의 약속은 어떤 이들이 더디다고 생각하는 것 같이 더딘 것이 아니라 오직 주께서는 너희를 대하여 오래 참으사 아무도 멸망하지 아니하고 다 회개하기에 이르기를 원하시느니라</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">사도행전 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">3:19 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그러므로 너희가 회개하고 돌이켜 너희 죄 없이 함을 받으라 이같이 하면 새롭게 되는 날이 주앞으로부터 이를 것이요</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">사도행전 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">11:18 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그들이 이 말을 듣고 잠잠하여 하나님께 영광을 돌려 이르되 그러면 하나님께서 이방인에게도 생명 얻는 회개를 주셨도다 하니라</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 평양대부흥은 예수믿던 사람을 변화시켰으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사회를 변화시켰다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이러한 성령의 부흥을 아쉬워 했던 사람들이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1909</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 백만인구령운동을 전개하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';color:#ff0000;">피개입된 한민족과 회개를 촉구하는 글</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">숨겨진 진실은 사람을 불편하게 만든다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그리고 진실을 전하는 사람도 불편하게 만든다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';"> 자기기만</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">自己欺瞞</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)을  한들</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">그것은 마치</span><font face="Times New Roman"> </font><span style="font-family:'바탕';">손바닥으로 하늘을 가리는 격이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">현실을 똑바로 직시해야 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">한국전쟁에서는 다음과 같은 이상한 점이 보인다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">①</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">스탈린은 다른 공산국가에 원조를 하지않으면서</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">유독 북한 김일성에게만 도움을 주었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">스탈린의 성격상 한번 결정한 일은 번복하지 않으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">도움을 주기로 결정했다는 것은 어떤 의도가 있다고 봐야한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">②</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">한국전쟁은 발발부터 반격까지 일사천리로 진행되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">북한은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1950</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">25</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일남침이래 세 달이 못돼서 낙동강전선까지 도달했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">맥아더</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Douglas MacArthur, 1880 - 1964)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 트루먼</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Harry S. Truman, 1884 - 1972)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에 지상부대 투입을 요구하자 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">24</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">시간도 되지 않아 지상부대 투입을 허가하는 승인이 떨어졌다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">③</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">보통서적에는 중공군이 갑자기 밀려왔다고 써있으나</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">중공 외교부장 주은래</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:SimSun;letter-spacing:0pt;">周恩来</span><span style="font-family:SimSun;letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">은 미군이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">38</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">선을 돌파할 경우 참전할 것이라고 경고했고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, UN</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">군이 만주국경선 까지 진격할 경우 참전할 것이라고 다시 한번 경고했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">④</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">음모론자들은 전쟁에서 전략적 실수가 있음을 말하고 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 부분에 대해서는 자세히 말하지 않도록 하겠다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">6.25</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">한국전쟁 발발시 스탈린</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(Joseph Stalin, 1879 - 1953)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">은 앞장에서 말한 볼셰비키당의 구성원이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1917</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 볼셰비키 혁명당시 이미 그 구성원이었으며 직책은 민족문제 인민위원이였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">초상화에서 프리메이슨 특유의 손동작으로 자기자신이 증명하듯 스탈린은 프리메이슨이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">스탈린이 러시아에서 수장이 될 수 있었던 이유는 레닌이 자신의 후계자로 직접 스탈린을 지목했기 때문이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">미국의 트루먼 역시 프리메이슨이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">트루먼은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1909</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">미주리 벨튼의 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">450</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">번 지부에서 가입했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">지부 회원 일부가 독립해 미주리 그랜드 뷰 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">618</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">번 지부를 창립했을 때 트루먼은 초대 지부장을 지냈다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1940</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">24 - 25</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일의 미주리 총지부 연례회의에서 그는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">97</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">대 그랜드 마스터로 선출되었고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1945</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">19</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에는 워싱턴의 남부 관할 본부 최고위원회에서 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">33</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">번째 등급으로 올라간 인물이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">유엔군 사령관인 맥아더 역시 프리메이슨이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">한국전쟁에 관여한 중요인물은 프리메이슨</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(freemason)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그렇다면 한국전쟁에 프리메이슨이 개입했을 가능성은 충분히 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 6.25 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">한국전쟁은 제 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차세계대전이 끝난지 불과 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">5</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년만에 일어났으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">시간적인 순서를 보더라도 크게 어긋남이 없다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프리메이슨은 왜 한국전쟁에 개입했을까</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">? </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그것은 주변국의 상황을 면밀히 관찰하면 일련의 사실을 알 수 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그리고 가장 큰 원인은 한국 자신한테 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">첫번째는 중국이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">중국의 사회주의는 처음부터 변질된 사회주의였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">모택동</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">毛澤東</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1893 - 1976)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">은 중국 현지에 맞는 사회주의 정책을 시행했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이것은 나중에 등소평</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">鄧小平</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1904 - 1997)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 흑묘백묘</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">黑猫白猫</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">경제 개방정책에서도 잘 들어난다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">프리메이슨 스탈린에게 있어서 모택동은 알 수 없는 존재였으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">모택동의 속내를 떠보기도 했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">한국전쟁 발발 당시 중국은 신생국가 였으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">국가가 설립된지 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년이 지난 무렵이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">중국 내부적으로도 </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">피해 복구문제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">경제 활성화 문제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">토비 숙청문제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">토지 개혁문제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그리고 대만 문제와 서장 문제 등 여러가지 문제들이 산적해 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그렇지만 중국 사람 역시 피해보는 일은 하지 않았다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">포로로 잡힌 전</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">前</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">타이완 국민정부군 제</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">87</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">사단장이었던 권준 준장이 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1951</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">19</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 면담에서 다음과 같이 진술하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">“</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">중공군의 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">60%</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">가 전 타이완 국민정부군이며 지금도 장제스 총통을 위하여</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">싸울 것을 희망하고 있다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">”</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">두번째로는 일본이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1904</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 러일전쟁부터 시작해 일본은 프리메이슨의 계획에 본의</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">本意</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">아니게 적지않은 도움을 주었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일본은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차 세계대전과 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">차세계대전에도 참여했으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 1945</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 히로시마 원자폭탄을 맞고 패망하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">경제 활성화가 이루어져야 언젠가 또다시 참여가 가능할 지 모르기 때문이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">한국전쟁이 발발하자 일본의 재계 인사들은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">‘</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">신풍</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">神風</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 불었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">’</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">며 기뻐하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">마지막으로는 한국이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">한국전쟁은 왜 발발해야 했을까</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">? </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">궁극적으로 한국전쟁이 일어난 이유는 한국사람이 예수님을 잘 믿은 것이 큰 원인으로 작용했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 1907</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 평양대부흥 같은 하나님의 역사가 한반도에 일어나는 것을 보고 들었던 프리메이슨 고위층은 극도의 불안감과 좌절감 그리고 분노와 증오감을 느꼈을 것이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">애시당초 한국전쟁은 하나님의 축복과 은혜가 임했던 한반도를 완전히 초토화 시키는데 맞추어져 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">한국전쟁은 용의주도하고 치밀하게 계획되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1945</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">8</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일 일본이 항복의사를 표명하자</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">당일 자정</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">子正</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">,</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">밤</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">12</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">시</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">) </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">소련이 긴급히 남하해 지금과 같은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">38</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">선을 형성하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 후 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1949</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">6</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">29</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에는 주한미군이 철수하였고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, 9</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">월 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">19</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">일에는 소련도 북한에 주둔하고 있는 소련군을 철수한다는 계획을 발표하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">북한의 김일성은 스탈린에게 가서 도움을 요청했다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">당시 남한에는 북한군과 싸울만한 군사력이 갖추어지지 않은 상태라서 북한군이 밀고내려오는 것은 예견된 것이었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">실제로 프리메이슨의 계획은 성공하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">평양대부흥의 중심이었던 장대현교회가 있었던 장대재 언덕은 현재 혁명적 언어인 만수대로 바뀌었으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">하나님을 찬양하고 예배 드리던 곳에 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1972</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년부터는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">20m </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">높이에 김일성 동상이 들어서게 되었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">제 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">2</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">의 예루살렘이라고 불리던 평양이 전혀 다른 곳 같이 바뀌어 버린 것이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1424</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년 프리메이슨은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">115</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">페이지로 구성된 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">Old charges</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">라는 책을 발간하였는데 이 책에는 프리메이슨의 본질과 조직</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">행동방식에 대해 기술하였다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. Old charges</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">에서는 니므롯이 이 세상에서 가장 위대한 건축가라는 내용을 담고 있는데 지금도 프리메이슨에서는 니므롯의 선서라던지 니므롯의 지시를 외우고 또 선행한다고 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">니므롯은 누구인가</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">? </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">바벨탑 쌓기 운동을 주도한 인물이며 하나님을 정면으로 대적</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">對敵</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">한 인물이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">또한 역사적인 객관적자료와 심증</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">心證</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">을 토대로 알 수 있는 것은 프리메이슨이라는 단체는</span><span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">지난 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">500</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년간 다신론 사상을 토대로 어떻게 하나님 없는 세상을 만들 것인지 이것을 연구하고 꿈꿔 온 사람들이다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span lang="en-us"></span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이 세상에 이렇게 하나님과 교회를 싫어하는 무리가 있는데 예수님 잘 믿고 평화롭게 잘 사는 한반도에 아무일도 없었더라면</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">그것이야 말로 뭔가 모순되며 말에 앞뒤가 맞지 않는다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <br></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">한국전쟁은 끔찍한 참상</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">慘狀</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">을 낳았다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. 6.25</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전쟁은 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">년동안 지속되었으며</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전쟁으로 인한 인명 피해는 국군 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">62</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만명</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">유엔군 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">16</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만명</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">북한군 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">93</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만명</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">,</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">중공군 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">100</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만명</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">민간인 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">250</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만명</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이재민 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">370</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만명</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전쟁미망인 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">30</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만명</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">전쟁고아 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">10</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만명</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">, </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이산가족 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1,000</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만명 등 당시 남북한 인구 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">3,000</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">만명의 절반을 넘는 </span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">1,900</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">여 만명이 피해를 입었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p><p></p> <p class="1" style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> <span style="font-family:'바탕';">한국전쟁 때 힘써싸운 국군장병 외에 외국에서 온 젊은이들도 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">아무런 연고</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">(</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';letter-spacing:0pt;">緣故</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">)</span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">도 없는 한국을 도와주기 위해서 세계 각국에서 온 젊은이들이 있었다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">. </span><span style="font-family:'바탕';">이제 한민족과 한국사람은 하나님께서 한민족과 한국사람에게 준 시대적 사명을 깨닫고 일어서야 한다</span><span lang="en-us" style="font-family:'Times New Roman';letter-spacing:0pt;">.</span> </p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;"> </p> <div class="hwp_editor_board_content"> </div> <p> </p> <p style="font-family:gulim, Dotum, Helvetica, AppleGothic, sans-serif;">선량한 민족으로써 정체성을 깨달아야한다. </p>

    이 게시물을 추천한 분들의 목록입니다.
    [1] 2020/09/25 15:48:36  175.223.***.196  까부남  118967
    [2] 2020/09/25 15:52:46  122.32.***.76  별빛냥이  640187
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